The U.S. Labor Department’s Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has issued the list of 2015 labor surplus areas (LSA). Some Federal, state and local programs use LSA designations to determine eligibility, so your state or locality may be able to benefit from understanding whether areas qualify as an LSA.
A new working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research provides the results of Peter Cappelli’s research on skill gaps, skills shortages and skill mismatches. Cappelli examines the evidence that has been presented in favor of the skills shortages argument and complaints about skills are driving much of the debate around labor force and education policy. Mr. Cappelli examines the range of these charges as well as other evidence about skills in the labor force. The paper suggest that there is very little evidence consistent with the complaints about skills and a wide range of evidence suggesting that they are not true. The research paper considers three possible explanations for the employer complaints as well as the implications associated with those changes. You can view the article at http://www.nber.org/papers/w20382 This report is also feature on the LMI Community of Practice at https://winwin.workforce3one.org/view/SKILL_GAPS_SKILL_SHORTAGES_AND_SKILL_MISMATCHES_EV/info
A New Working Paper from the NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH by Peter Cappelli Wharton School, Center for Human Resources
Because of the importance and growing use of real-time employment and job vacancy data, ETA has compiled a repository to better enable you to find, understand, and use this information. Real-time labor market information (LMI) is based on analyses of Internet-based job ads and other employment information, including resumes. Job vacancy surveys identify job openings (a term synonymous with job vacancies) via a survey of employers.
A San Francisco Federal Reserve study concludes that “the value of college is high and not declining over time.” For most students, “tuition costs… can be recouped by age 40, after which college graduates continue to earn a return on their investment in the form of higher lifetime wages.”
Webinar: Consumer’s Guide to Poverty Measurement The Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP), the nation’s original poverty research center, will hold a Webinar to provide “An Intelligent Consumer’s Guide to Poverty Measurement,” on Wednesday, May 14 from 2 to 3 p.m. Eastern time. The presenters are IRP Director Timothy Smeeding and the U.S. Census Bureau’s Kathleen Short, two distinguished experts in the field. The Webinar will explain the various types of poverty measures and will contrast the "official" U.S. poverty measure with the newer Supplemental Poverty Measure. The presenters will talk about the development of state poverty measures and the benefits they can offer in understanding poverty at the local and regional level. Finally, Short and Smeeding will touch on recent research on poverty measurement and take questions from the online audience. Registration, which merely requires submission of your name and email address, is at http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/media/webinars/onlineregistration.htm. The Webinar will also be recorded and available for later viewing. For more information about past and future IRP Webinars, see http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/media/webinars.htm#may2014.
The U.S. Education Dept. has issued its latest analysis of reading and math test results for 12th graders for 2013. Comparing 2013 with the previous 2009 tests, overall average scores were identical in each subject. We've summarized trends for various groups and for the 13 available states.
BLS 2013 veterans data show that unemployment dropped for veterans between 2012 and 2013 (7.0 to 6.6 percent), although by less than the decline for non-veterans (7.9 to 7.2 percent). The share of veterans employed fell from 48.3 to 47.9 percent between 2012 and 2013.
ETA has just added the trends in the courses taken by high school grads, plus the tests scores of high school juniors and seniors dating back as far as 1969. We now have nearly three dozen tables and several dozen charts. Each posting includes 1) a spreadsheet showing annual statistics for as far back as consistent data exist, 2) one or more charts, and 3) a narrative explanation of highlights and trends.
ETA has just issued a new series of podcast guides to help you identify and use workforce statistics. The presentations are written simply, and presume no previous subject matter or statistical knowledge. Each is comprised of a podcast roughly 10 minutes long plus a transcript of 2-3 pages. The podcast and transcript can be used either separately or together: the links can't be accessed from the podcasts, but the podcasts include visuals not available in the transcripts.
The existence and extent of skill deficiencies, shortages, and mismatches has been a topic of keen interest for decades. Since 2000, several new data sets — especially the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey — have shed light on this important topic. To help inform this ongoing discussion, ETA staff have created this repository of research studies and other resources on skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches.
The U.S. Employment and Training Administration’s updated 3rd edition of its popular Guide to State and Local Workforce Data maintains all of the additions and improvements made in the second edition. TO SEE IT, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN. In the 3rd edition, we updated the listings on credentials, equal employment opportunity data, unemployment insurance claims, displaced workers, Internet and computer use, and homelessness. Plus, the 3rd edition has * Indicators to identify the sources that have the most recent and most geographically-detailed sources, and/or sources that include demographic data (e.g., gender, race, etc.), using a key shown on the Contents page; and * A hyperlinked Table of Contents, allowing the user to immediately jump to a given section of the Guide. The Guide has several features that make it uniquely valuable. • Comprehensive coverage of the best workforce data sources from government and the private sector • Direct links to the data • Organization by topic • Summary statistics on the number of states and localities for which data are available • A general description for each entry, including when the data series began, and how often it’s published • Essential background information for each entry, including links to frequently asked questions and contact information
ETA has issued virtually all products produced under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s (ARRA) nearly $50 million State Labor Market Information (LMI) Improvement Grants. Everything can be accessed from one location, including catalogues, evaluations, issue briefs, Webinars, and podcasts.
Key Alternate Workforce Data Sources The best primary sources of workforce data (apart from ongoing surveys conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau) are high-quality research studies — many of which mount their own surveys. The best of these are generally funded by Federal entities, which are published principally by the U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Education, and the U.S. Government Accountability Office. We have compiled the most important sources of such data in one place, with special attention to the two most important of these, ETA’s new Workforce System Strategies repository and its Office of Policy Development and Research Research Publication Database. TO SEE IT, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
The U.S. Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has created this brief (just over 2 pages) resource to make it easy for you to understand and locate employment data for persons with disabilities, focusing on sources that supply information on labor market hardship. The concept of “labor market hardship” is a traditional perspective to investigate how employment problems lead to temporary or more persistent deprivation. Unemployment is the most well-known indicator of labor market hardship, but other examples include inadequate earnings and inadequate work hours (e.g., involuntary part-time work). TO ACCESS THIS RESOURCE, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN. For more background on disability employment statistics, see the ETA Webinar, ”Using Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Disability Statistics for Employment and Training Decisions.”
Job loss and layoff measures (frequently referred to as worker dislocation or displacement) differ from unemployment in that the former usually delineate the specific time period when an individual lost his or her job, whereas the unemployment count includes individuals irrespective of when they lost their jobs (or even if they have no previous employment). The three U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) layoff indicators each has its strengths and weaknesses. The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), despite being the broadest measure, is based on the smallest sample size of the three surveys, and offers no demographic data. The Current Population Survey’s (CPS) Displaced Worker Supplement has considerable demographic data, but since it is only conducted every 2 years it becomes dated more quickly than the other two measures, which are monthly surveys. The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) survey provides the greatest geographical detail. To help dispel some of the confusion about the different sources of information on this subject, we briefly describe the three most important sources. More information about JOLTS and the Mass Layoff Statistics survey can also be found in their respective entries in ETA’s Guide to State and Local Workforce Data. For all three sources that supply data on laid-off workers, we have also assembled a detailed comparison of the information available from each. TO VIEW THIS RESOURCE, DOUBLE-CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
The existence and extent of skill deficiencies, shortages, and mismatches has been a topic of keen interest for decades. Since 2000, several new data sets — especially the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey — have shed light on this important topic. Although many have used the foregoing terms interchangeably, they reflect separate but inter-related topics. Skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches are different things. Whatever topic analysts choose to examine, there has been considerable disagreement about whether a problem exists, and if so how serious it is. To help inform this ongoing discussion, ETA staff have created this repository of research studies and other resources on skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches. So far we have included about three dozen studies. To access the full listings, click "DOWNLOAD NOW" on the right side of this screen. The most recent studies are shown first. Since analysts typically cover several different sub-topics, a conventional bibliography is unworkable. Instead, in the table we indicate the type of problem(s) each author analyzes; the supply and demand factors examined; whether the study examines the present or past trends vs. projections or forecasts; and whether the study examines the nation, states, and/or localities. This detail will make it easier for you to determine which study best meets your interests. This repository is a work in progress, and only includes complete information for the newest studies. Except for a few clearly-written conceptual pieces, we are restricting this repository to studies that analyze at least some data. We are certain that we’ve missed some useful work, especially at the state level, so PLEASE suggest additional research, tools, and resources by posting a comment in the field below or by sending documents to the LMI Win-Win Network at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Workforce Information Council (WIC) chartered the Customer Consultation Study Group (CCSG) to assist the WIC and state workforce information departments in developing and implementing methods for obtaining feedback from customers regarding the relevance, adequacy, and usability of available labor market information and the methods of delivering that information. To accomplish its mission, The CCSG asked the LMI Training Institute to: - Identify the breadth and diversity of types of customers of state labor market information agencies. - Provide general observations regarding the nature of these customers’ needs for services from state LMI agencies. - Provide general observations regarding the extent to which customers believe that state LMI agencies are providing services that meet their needs. - Recommend a framework for an approach by which state LMI agencies can regularly assess and respond to customer needs. This report summarizes the key challenges facing state labor market information agencies and identifies the workforce information customer groups that use state LMI data. It also provides an assessment of state LMI customer needs, a summary of what states currently produce, how they disseminate what they produce, and how they solicit feedback. The report also offers implementation tips for state LMI agencies. See the right side of this screen for Related Resources.
ETA has issued a new series of podcast guides to help you identify and use workforce statistics. The presentations are written simply, and presume no previous subject matter or statistical knowledge.
The U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has issued Internet Links for State and Local Employment Projections. This new resource includes direct links to: - published industry and occupational projections for the 50 states, plus the DC and Puerto Rico; - long-term (usually 10 years) and short-term projections (usually 2 years), including the dates of the projections; - statewide and local projections, including an explanation of the type of locality; - each state’s employment projections Web page (if available); - a statistical table summarizing the availability of different types of projections; - each state’s primary labor market information Web site; and - the key BLS employment projections Web sites. Internet Links for State and Local Employment Projections can be easily customized by the user, and is designed for the broadest possible audience, including - state and local Workforce Investment Act and other employment and training program staff; - DOL grant applicants and recipients; - educators, trainers and career counselors; - economic development and strategic planners; - community and faith-based organizations; - businesses and employers; - labor unions;and - researchers, students, and the general public.