The Workforce Information Council (WIC) chartered the Customer Consultation Study Group (CCSG) to assist the WIC and state workforce information departments in developing and implementing methods for obtaining feedback from customers regarding the relevance, adequacy, and usability of available labor market information and the methods of delivering that information. To accomplish its mission, The CCSG asked the LMI Training Institute to: - Identify the breadth and diversity of types of customers of state labor market information agencies. - Provide general observations regarding the nature of these customers’ needs for services from state LMI agencies. - Provide general observations regarding the extent to which customers believe that state LMI agencies are providing services that meet their needs. - Recommend a framework for an approach by which state LMI agencies can regularly assess and respond to customer needs. This report summarizes the key challenges facing state labor market information agencies and identifies the workforce information customer groups that use state LMI data. It also provides an assessment of state LMI customer needs, a summary of what states currently produce, how they disseminate what they produce, and how they solicit feedback. The report also offers implementation tips for state LMI agencies. See the right side of this screen for Related Resources.
The U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has issued Internet Links for State and Local Employment Projections. This new resource includes direct links to: - published industry and occupational projections for the 50 states, plus the DC and Puerto Rico; - long-term (usually 10 years) and short-term projections (usually 2 years), including the dates of the projections; - statewide and local projections, including an explanation of the type of locality; - each state’s employment projections Web page (if available); - a statistical table summarizing the availability of different types of projections; - each state’s primary labor market information Web site; and - the key BLS employment projections Web sites. Internet Links for State and Local Employment Projections can be easily customized by the user, and is designed for the broadest possible audience, including - state and local Workforce Investment Act and other employment and training program staff; - DOL grant applicants and recipients; - educators, trainers and career counselors; - economic development and strategic planners; - community and faith-based organizations; - businesses and employers; - labor unions;and - researchers, students, and the general public.
The U.S. Employment and Training Administration’s updated 3rd edition of its popular Guide to State and Local Workforce Data maintains all of the additions and improvements made in the second edition.
TO SEE IT, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
Plus, the 3rd edition has
* Indicators to identify the sources that have the most recent and most geographically-detailed sources, and/or sources that include demographic data (e.g., gender, race, etc.), using a key shown on the Contents page; and
* A hyperlinked Table of Contents, allowing the user to immediately jump to a given section of the Guide.
The “Labor Market Information Customers and Their Needs” report: - Summarizes key challenges facing state labor market information agencies; - Identifies the workforce information customer groups that use state LMI data; - Provides an assessment of state LMI customer needs; - Summarizes LMI products, tools, and services states currently produce; - Describes information dissemination approaches; - Describes how states solicit customer feedback; and - Provides tips for implementation of state LMI agency self assessments, alignment of customer needs with products and services, and feedback strategies; and all in less than 23 pages. Also, the LMI Training Institute conducted a related Webinar on “LMI Customers and Their Needs," in July 2012.
Key Alternate Workforce Data Sources
The best primary sources of workforce data (apart from ongoing surveys conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau) are high-quality research studies — many of which mount their own surveys. The best of these are generally funded by Federal entities, which are published principally by the U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Education, and the U.S. Government Accountability Office.
We have compiled the most important sources of such data in one place, with special attention to the two most important of these, ETA’s new Workforce System Strategies repository and its Office of Policy Development and Research Research Publication Database.
TO SEE IT, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
The existence and extent of skill deficiencies, shortages, and mismatches has been a topic of keen interest for decades. Since 2000, several new data sets — especially the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey — have shed light on this important topic. Although many have used the foregoing terms interchangeably, they reflect separate but inter-related topics. Skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches are different things. Whatever topic analysts choose to examine, there has been considerable disagreement about whether a problem exists, and if so how serious it is. To help inform this ongoing discussion, ETA staff have created this repository of research studies and other resources on skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches. So far we have included about three dozen studies. To access the full listings, click "DOWNLOAD NOW" on the right side of this screen. The most recent studies are shown first. Since analysts typically cover several different sub-topics, a conventional bibliography is unworkable. Instead, in the table we indicate the type of problem(s) each author analyzes; the supply and demand factors examined; whether the study examines the present or past trends vs. projections or forecasts; and whether the study examines the nation, states, and/or localities. This detail will make it easier for you to determine which study best meets your interests. This repository is a work in progress, and only includes complete information for the newest studies. Except for a few clearly-written conceptual pieces, we are restricting this repository to studies that analyze at least some data. We are certain that we’ve missed some useful work, especially at the state level, so PLEASE suggest additional research, tools, and resources by posting a comment in the field below or by sending documents to the LMI Win-Win Network at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Job loss and layoff measures (frequently referred to as worker dislocation or displacement) differ from unemployment in that the former usually delineate the specific time period when an individual lost his or her job, whereas the unemployment count includes individuals irrespective of when they lost their jobs (or even if they have no previous employment). The three U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) layoff indicators each has its strengths and weaknesses. The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), despite being the broadest measure, is based on the smallest sample size of the three surveys, and offers no demographic data. The Current Population Survey’s (CPS) Displaced Worker Supplement has considerable demographic data, but since it is only conducted every 2 years it becomes dated more quickly than the other two measures, which are monthly surveys. The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) survey provides the greatest geographical detail. To help dispel some of the confusion about the different sources of information on this subject, we briefly describe the three most important sources. More information about JOLTS and the Mass Layoff Statistics survey can also be found in their respective entries in ETA’s Guide to State and Local Workforce Data. For all three sources that supply data on laid-off workers, we have also assembled a detailed comparison of the information available from each. TO VIEW THIS RESOURCE, DOUBLE-CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
The U.S. Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has created this brief (just over 2 pages) resource to make it easy for you to understand and locate employment data for persons with disabilities, focusing on sources that supply information on labor market hardship. The concept of “labor market hardship” is a traditional perspective to investigate how employment problems lead to temporary or more persistent deprivation. Unemployment is the most well-known indicator of labor market hardship, but other examples include inadequate earnings and inadequate work hours (e.g., involuntary part-time work). TO ACCESS THIS RESOURCE, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN. For more background on disability employment statistics, see the ETA Webinar, ”Using Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Disability Statistics for Employment and Training Decisions.”
A new working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research provides the results of Peter Cappelli’s research on skill gaps, skills shortages and skill mismatches. Cappelli examines the evidence that has been presented in favor of the skills shortages argument and complaints about skills are driving much of the debate around labor force and education policy. Mr. Cappelli examines the range of these charges as well as other evidence about skills in the labor force. The paper suggest that there is very little evidence consistent with the complaints about skills and a wide range of evidence suggesting that they are not true. The research paper considers three possible explanations for the employer complaints as well as the implications associated with those changes. You can view the article at http://www.nber.org/papers/w20382 This report is also feature on the LMI Community of Practice at https://winwin.workforce3one.org/view/SKILL_GAPS_SKILL_SHORTAGES_AND_SKILL_MISMATCHES_EV/info
QUICK-LESSON PODCASTS These step-by-step instruction guides will help you to identify and use labor market and workforce statistics. The presentations are written simply, and presume no previous subject matter or statistical knowledge. Each is comprised of a podcast roughly 10 minutes long plus a transcript of 2-3 pages. The podcast and transcript can be used either separately or together: the links can't be accessed from the podcasts, but the podcasts include visuals not available in the transcripts. Some provide an overview of a topic (like unemployment data), while others explain in a step-by-step manner how to obtain a specific type of data or to use a specific data tool. Each topical presentation includes basic definitions, a brief historical background, links to the most important data sources, and practical tips on how to interpret and use the data and avoid common mistakes. The tool- and data-specific presentations are designed to enable you to obtain data by the end. ETA intends to produce more of these presentations, but these exist now. 2013 PODCASTS 1. Unemployment data 2. Dislocated worker data 3. Employment projections 4. Industry data 5. Geographic data 6. Economic data 2011 PODCASTS 7. The Data Dozen: Key Workforce Data and Information Sites 8. Using E-Tools to Identify Growing Industries 9. Using E-Tools to Identify Industry Concentration Ratios 10. Using E-Tools to Identify Occupations
ETA has issued virtually all products produced under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s (ARRA) nearly $50 million State Labor Market Information (LMI) Improvement Grants. Everything can be accessed from one location, including catalogues, evaluations, issue briefs, Webinars, and podcasts.
ETA has issued a new series of podcast guides to help you identify and use workforce statistics. The presentations are written simply, and presume no previous subject matter or statistical knowledge.
ETA has just added the trends in the courses taken by high school grads, plus the tests scores of high school juniors and seniors dating back as far as 1969. We now have nearly three dozen tables and several dozen charts. Each posting includes 1) a spreadsheet showing annual statistics for as far back as consistent data exist, 2) one or more charts, and 3) a narrative explanation of highlights and trends.
The existence and extent of skill deficiencies, shortages, and mismatches has been a topic of keen interest for decades. Since 2000, several new data sets — especially the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey — have shed light on this important topic. To help inform this ongoing discussion, ETA staff have created this repository of research studies and other resources on skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches.
ETA has just issued a new series of podcast guides to help you identify and use workforce statistics. The presentations are written simply, and presume no previous subject matter or statistical knowledge. Each is comprised of a podcast roughly 10 minutes long plus a transcript of 2-3 pages. The podcast and transcript can be used either separately or together: the links can't be accessed from the podcasts, but the podcasts include visuals not available in the transcripts.
The U.S. Labor Department’s Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has issued the list of 2015 labor surplus areas (LSA). Some Federal, state and local programs use LSA designations to determine eligibility, so your state or locality may be able to benefit from understanding whether areas qualify as an LSA.
Because of the importance and growing use of real-time employment and job vacancy data, ETA has compiled a repository to better enable you to find, understand, and use this information. Real-time labor market information (LMI) is based on analyses of Internet-based job ads and other employment information, including resumes. Job vacancy surveys identify job openings (a term synonymous with job vacancies) via a survey of employers.
A New Working Paper from the NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH by Peter Cappelli Wharton School, Center for Human Resources
The U.S. Education Dept. has issued its latest analysis of reading and math test results for 12th graders for 2013. Comparing 2013 with the previous 2009 tests, overall average scores were identical in each subject. We've summarized trends for various groups and for the 13 available states.
BLS 2013 veterans data show that unemployment dropped for veterans between 2012 and 2013 (7.0 to 6.6 percent), although by less than the decline for non-veterans (7.9 to 7.2 percent). The share of veterans employed fell from 48.3 to 47.9 percent between 2012 and 2013.
A San Francisco Federal Reserve study concludes that “the value of college is high and not declining over time.” For most students, “tuition costs… can be recouped by age 40, after which college graduates continue to earn a return on their investment in the form of higher lifetime wages.”
Webinar: Consumer’s Guide to Poverty Measurement
The Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP), the nation’s original poverty research center, will hold a Webinar to provide “An Intelligent Consumer’s Guide to Poverty Measurement,” on Wednesday, May 14 from 2 to 3 p.m. Eastern time. The presenters are IRP Director Timothy Smeeding and the U.S. Census Bureau’s Kathleen Short, two distinguished experts in the field.
The Webinar will explain the various types of poverty measures and will contrast the "official" U.S. poverty measure with the newer Supplemental Poverty Measure. The presenters will talk about the development of state poverty measures and the benefits they can offer in understanding poverty at the local and regional level. Finally, Short and Smeeding will touch on recent research on poverty measurement and take questions from the online audience.
Registration, which merely requires submission of your name and email address, is at http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/media/webinars/onlineregistration.htm.
The Webinar will also be recorded and available for later viewing. For more information about past and future IRP Webinars, see http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/media/webinars.htm#may2014.
Skills Gap Research and Resources The existence and extent of skill deficiencies, shortages, and mismatches has been a topic of keen interest for decades. Since 2000, several new data sets — especially the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey — have shed light on this important topic. Although many have used the foregoing terms interchangeably, they reflect separate but inter-related topics. Labor shortages differ from skill shortages, and skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches are different things. ETA staff established this repository of research studies and other resources on skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches at the request of state members of the Workforce Information Council. So far we have included about three dozen studies for review and to inform the ongoing discussion. This repository is a work in progress, and only includes complete information for the newest studies. Except for a few clearly-written conceptual pieces, we are restricting this repository to studies that analyze at least some data. We are certain that we missed some useful work, especially at the state level, so PLEASE suggest additional research results, tools, and resources by sending documents or hyperlinks to the LMI Win-Win Network at email@example.com
There is a wealth of state and local employment and economic data – most of it free – from government and private sector sources. We have organized this information by topic to make it easier to find and use, 29 page document.
Workforce Information Innovation Network (WIN/WIN): Demonstrating the Power of Data and Analysis in Regional Workforce and Economic Development Charter. 7 page document.
In Pennsylvania and the United States, there are currently four to five unemployed people for every job opening.1 The current labor market situation and the cost of unemployment point to the importance of going beyond profiling unemployed Pennsylvanians to implement policies that reduce unemployment and help the jobless. To assist with the development of these policies, Pennsylvania has recently formed a Pennsylvania Task Force on Long-Term Unemployed, as a temporary sub-committee of the state Workforce Investment Board. This report provides a fact-based foundation for the work of the Task Force. Research on the economic and social costs of unemployment, summarized near the end of this report, shows that unemployment can have devastating effects on individuals and families. Long-term declines in annual earnings for dislocated workers fall in the range of 20 percent. For a worker who was earning $50,000 per year, that’s an annual earnings loss of $10,000.
Labor Market Information Meeting Customer Needs Examples of State Workforce Information Projects/Products to Meet Private Sector Needs, Produce Green Job Data, Help Aid Economic Recovery, Develop Policy, Answer Program Questions, and/or Shape Future State/Local Initiatives In mid-2008, the Workforce Information Council State Representatives responded to a request from the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration who asked for state examples of how Labor Market Information (LMI) is used to help develop policy, answer program questions, and/or shape future state/local initiatives. A request to state workforce information directors across the country resulted in over 50 responses from 14 states being submitted and in December a report titled Workforce Information – Making a Difference was released. A follow-up report was produced in May 2010, titled Labor Market Information Matters. These digests were good testimony of how independent and objective data can be used to help shape policy. Data and surveys collected in a vacuum are meaningless unless the results can be studied and evaluated into meaningful relevance to the economy, industry base/employers, population, and/or labor market trends. These reference guides have been shared at national conferences as ways to use LMI at various levels. This is Volume III of the project, this time titled LMI Meeting Customer Needs. Like the previous volumes, the information is sorted by topic area (some submittals may be listed in more than one area). There is also a state by state directory of submittals. This topic of Meeting Customer Needs is especially important given the work of the Workforce Information Council’s Customer Consultation Study Group. They have several projects in the works and this outreach will contribute to their efforts. The information in this follow-up report will be posted to the Workforce Information Council web site, www.workforceinfocouncil.org.
Native American Workforce Data Sources Given the absence of available overviews of workforce data on Native Americans, ETA is posting this review by Norm DeWeaver, a long-time student of these issues and a WIN-WIN member, whose views do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Employment and Training Administration. However, the sources and information provided in this paper will be useful to employment program planners and operators.To see Sources of Labor Market Information for the On-Reservation Indian Population, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN. Photo Credit: Central Arizona Water Conservation District
Data & Job Ads in Multi-Purpose E-Tools
Federal and state governments have created electronic tools (usually called E-Tools) that consolidate occupational data and/or online job ads. Job seekers and program staff who assist them can sometimes save considerable time by using multi-purpose E-Tools rather than the primary sources.
The U.S. Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has compiled a guide called, “Workforce Data, Job Openings and Other Information Available from Selected Multi-Purpose E-Tools,” which outlines what information is available from each source. This resource describes which E-Tool includes current job openings, employment projections, wage info, employment and unemployment data, education and training prerequisites, and much more.
TO SEE IT, CLICK "DOWNLOAD NOW" ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THIS SCREEN.
This guide includes selected E-Tools from ETA, the U.S. Labor Department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), U.S. Census Bureau, and state governments.