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Unemployed Job Seekers per Job Opening

Unemployed Job Seekers per Job Opening

This table and 3 charts show job openings (aka job vacancies) from two different sources (BLS and real-time data from the private sector Conference Board’s Help Wanted OnLine, or HWOL) and calculate the number of unemployed job seekers per job opening. Despite some important differences, the two sources show similar results -- a worsening ratio between the onset of the recession in December 2007 and the worst level occurring in mid-2009, then improvememt until March 2012, after which little changed . Even with improvement, the ratio remains significantly worse than the pre-recessionary low point for JOLTS, and worse but not to the same degree for HWOL. Despite similar patterns, HWOL has counted more openings than JOLTS since May 2008 (20-40 percent more for the past four years), a reverse of their roles in HWOL's first three years.

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It is difficult to draw firm conclusions from these data because of their limited history and because at most two recessions have occurred since they began. Moreover, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) began during a decidedly atypical full-employment period.

Although both sources measure job openings during a month, they differ significantly in the type of jobs (JOLTS covers all openings, while HWOL only covers jobs advertised on Internet job boards) and the reference period (JOLTS only covers openings that exist on the last business day of a given month, while HWOL covers all jobs posted from the middle of one month to the following one — e.g., October’s data show the sum of all posted ads from September 14th through October 13th). For more background on both sources, see ETA’s Guide to State and Local Workforce Data.

Posted On :

07/09/13 04:17PM

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1243

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472

Job Openings, Hires, Layoffs, & Quits

Job Openings, Hires, Layoffs, and Quits

This table and 3 charts investigate patterns in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ (BLS) newest important survey, the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS). Consistent with other BLS data, an examination of JOLTS data on employees who quit their jobs (in conjunction with other BLS employment data) suggests that the last recession has significantly reduced the likelihood that employees will voluntarily leave their jobs — they’re about one third less likely to do so compared with the earliest JOLTS data. Measured against the same employment benchmarks, employers are laying off employees at a low level. This suggests a somewhat risk-adverse and conservative pattern of decision making by both employers and employees in the wake of the last recession.

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Although best known for its job openings data (see Unemployed Job Seekers per Job Opening), JOLTS also has extremely valuable data on employer hires and layoffs/discharges, and on employees who quit their jobs. JOLTS data show much more volatility in hires and job openings than in quits and layoffs.

Because JOLTS only counts jobs openings available on the last business day of each month, while hires encompass the entire month, hires not surprisingly exceed job openings. (BLS defined job openings in this manner in part to match them against unemployment, also counted in the monthly survey for a specific week.) However, the relationship between job postings and hires two months later varies considerably, for reasons not entirely clear.

To put JOLTS data in context, it should be kept in mind that the monthly series began in December 2000, just after near-record low unemployment rates and record high employment-to-population ratios.

Posted On :

07/23/13 02:33PM

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1357

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356

SKILL GAPS SKILL SHORTAGES AND SKILL MISMATCHES - EVIDENCE FOR THE U.S.

A new working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research provides the results of Peter Cappelli’s research on skill gaps, skills shortages and skill mismatches. Cappelli examines the evidence that has been presented in favor of the skills shortages argument and complaints about skills are driving much of the debate around labor force and education policy. Mr. Cappelli examines the range of these charges as well as other evidence about skills in the labor force. The paper suggest that there is very little evidence consistent with the complaints about skills and a wide range of evidence suggesting that they are not true. The research paper considers three possible explanations for the employer complaints as well as the implications associated with those changes. You can view the article at http://www.nber.org/papers/w20382 This report is also feature on the LMI Community of Practice at https://winwin.workforce3one.org/view/SKILL_GAPS_SKILL_SHORTAGES_AND_SKILL_MISMATCHES_EV/info

Posted On :

08/28/14 03:38PM

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3420

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1978

Registration is now open for the 2012 Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Partnership Workshop

2012 Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Partnership Workshop March 7-8, 2012 Sheraton Crystal City Hotel, Arlington, VA The LED Partnership is a collaborative partnership between state data agencies and the Census Bureau to leverage existing data in the development of new sources of economic and demographic information for policy makers and data users. The workshop provides professional development and networking for Labor Market Information directors, data analysts and data providers at state and federal agencies, nonprofit organizations, businesses, and other data users of the Local Employment Dynamics data set. The theme for this year’s workshop is Local Data for Local Decisions. We will be highlighting the work of our state LMI partners and other state and local data users through plenary and breakout sessions. Please see preliminary agenda at http://2012ledworkshop.eventbrite.com/ If you have any questions about the workshop, please call Melodee Mabbitt at (734) 769-2900, or email mmabbitt@skilledwork.org.

Posted On :

02/23/12 01:14PM

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481

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178

Employment Outlook-Long Term Projections

The BLS 2010-2020 Occupational Projections were recently published. This Webinar will give insight into the methodology and background for this year’s National Long Term Projections. This forum will give stakeholders an opportunity to gain insight into the various subject matters concerning the BLS 2010-2020 Occupational Projections. Register Now https://www.workforce3one.org/view/5001205337644798216/info

Posted On :

03/14/12 11:49AM

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1205

Census Bureau's 2012 Local Employment Dynamics Partnership Workshop Presentations

The Census Bureau convenes an annual workshop with state partners, federal agencies, and public and private organizations with shared interest in the first quarter of every calendar year. The purpose of the annual workshop is to review progress, showcase use of data and analyses, solicit input and ideas, explore new concepts and uses, and discuss research and development directions for the coming years

Posted On :

03/21/12 04:58PM

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1594

Webinar: Green Jobs LMI State Projects Evaluation

This November 30, 2012 Webinar will present the results of an evaluation of the $50 million State Labor Market Information (LMI) Improvement Grants, used to enhance workforce information in 24 individual states and 6 multi-state consortia. The funds were used for a variety of purposes, including instituting or improving real-time data and green jobs data projects. The Webinar will provide insights into innovative and promising practices that other states can adopt to enhance workforce and economic development decision-making. To save a seat, sign up NOW. To register, click below.

Posted On :

11/15/12 06:34PM

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2193

Labor Surplus Area List Issued

The U.S. Labor Department’s Employment and Training Administration (ETA) has issued the list of 2015 labor surplus areas (LSA). Some Federal, state and local programs use LSA designations to determine eligibility, so your state or locality may be able to benefit from understanding whether areas qualify as an LSA.

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09/16/14 12:30PM

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5156

Real-Time Employment and Job Vacancy Data Repository

Because of the importance and growing use of real-time employment and job vacancy data, ETA has compiled a repository to better enable you to find, understand, and use this information. Real-time labor market information (LMI) is based on analyses of Internet-based job ads and other employment information, including resumes. Job vacancy surveys identify job openings (a term synonymous with job vacancies) via a survey of employers.

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05/30/14 01:20PM

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2344

SKILL GAPS, SKILL SHORTAGES AND SKILL MISMATCHES: EVIDENCE FOR THE U.S.

A New Working Paper from the NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH by Peter Cappelli Wharton School, Center for Human Resources

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08/27/14 11:14AM

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3015

Oregon’s Hard to Fill Vacancies

Oregon’s Employment Dept. issued an analysis of its first job vacancy survey question on whether each job opening was “difficult to fill.” Employers described nearly half (44 percent) of the job openings available in Fall 2012 as difficult to fill.

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08/01/13 09:58AM

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721

Health Care Workforce Projections

HHS's National Center for Health Workforce Analysis is scheduled to release various types of projections in late 2013 and 2014, but has many useful materials available now. We've just added a link to a November 2013 conference on Redesigning The Health Care Workforce.

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11/22/13 06:20PM

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1637

Webinar: Green Jobs LMI State Projects Evaluation

This Webinar will present the results of an evaluation of the $50 million State Labor Market Information (LMI) Improvement Grants, used to enhance workforce information in 24 individual states and 6 multi-state consortia. The funds were used for a variety of purposes, including instituting or improving real-time data and green jobs data projects. The Webinar will provide insights into innovative and promising practices that other states can adopt to enhance workforce and economic development decision-making. To register, click here: https://www.workforce3one.org/view/5001231935177980523/info.

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11/15/12 06:23PM

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540

Real-Time Data (especially job vacancies)

This discussion forum covers what is commonly referred to as “real-time data.” Almost all data users would prefer that information is as up to date as possible, and “real-time” implies that data are available in a literally up-to-the-minute fashion. In this sense, virtually no workforce data are available in “real-time,” but some are available with much less lag time than was previously possible. Because of the pressing need to employ the jobless, most programs and labor market intermediaries place the highest priority on “real-time” job posting information. Therefore, this discussion forum concentrates on real-time job vacancy data. Ideas, questions or requests for information may be posed to other members of this Community of Practice, one or more of whom may be able to help you or respond with their own ideas.

Posted On :

02/29/12 03:13PM

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1380

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3

Skills Gap Research and Resources

Skills Gap Research and Resources The existence and extent of skill deficiencies, shortages, and mismatches has been a topic of keen interest for decades. Since 2000, several new data sets — especially the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey — have shed light on this important topic. Although many have used the foregoing terms interchangeably, they reflect separate but inter-related topics. Labor shortages differ from skill shortages, and skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches are different things. ETA staff established this repository of research studies and other resources on skill deficiencies, shortages and mismatches at the request of state members of the Workforce Information Council. So far we have included about three dozen studies for review and to inform the ongoing discussion. This repository is a work in progress, and only includes complete information for the newest studies. Except for a few clearly-written conceptual pieces, we are restricting this repository to studies that analyze at least some data. We are certain that we missed some useful work, especially at the state level, so PLEASE suggest additional research results, tools, and resources by sending documents or hyperlinks to the LMI Win-Win Network at win-win.network@dol.gov

Posted On :

07/31/12 03:56PM

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2366

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10

Real-Time LMI Repository

Because of the importance real-time employment and job vacancy data, ETA has compiled a repository to better enable you to find, understand, and use this information, organized into three sections: 1) Background Sources to help you to understand these new data sources; 2) Data Sources has links to take you directly to the sites where you can immediately access data; and 3) Studies Using Real-Time Employment and/or Job Vacancy Sources, lists major studies utilizing these sources. Please send suggestions for other resources to win-win.network@dol.gov.

Real-time labor market information (LMI) is based on analyses of Internet-based job ads and other employment information, e.g., resumes. Job vacancy surveys identify job openings (synonymous with job vacancies) via employer surveys. Although the two sources do not always coincide, they help answer how well the number of job openings (i.e., employer demand for labor) matches the supply of unemployed job seekers. Job vacancies or job ads are used to count job openings, by geographic area and by industry and/or occupation. Supply is usually measured by BLS data from the Current Population Survey. These sources are used for other purposes, but labor supply vs. demand is one of the most common and important uses.

Real-time employment analyses aggregate job ads using daily Web spidering, screen-scraping, and/or indexing of job ad Web sites. Once organized into a database, this information can be analyzed to provide insights about employer needs and demands concerning skills/competencies, credentials, educational attainment, previous employment experience, and the wages offered. Such information can also be used to identify emerging occupations.

Employment, training and education programs can in turn use these results to improve their programs, and to better advise individuals make making immediate job hunting and long-term career decisions.

Posted On :

05/28/14 03:32PM

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992

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72

1. Background on Real-Time LMI (Employment, Job Vacancy, and Administrative Data)

This is the first of three sections of ETA’s “Real-Time LMI Repository.”

It provides methodological and general background that will help you understand the available sources, their relative strengths and weaknesses, and tips for using them. This part of the repository contains three subsections: 1) Job Vacancy Surveys; 2) Real-Time Employment Sources; and 3) Administrative Sources of Data on New Hires. The last subsection is included because new job hires are a better measure of labor demand than job ads or openings (hiring data are also available in the BLS Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey, or JOLTS, but not from real-time data).

Within each subsection, the sources appear in reverse chronological order (i.e., the newest ones appear first).

Posted On :

05/28/14 04:08PM

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400

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3

2. Data Sources: Real-Time Employment and Job Vacancy Data

This is the second of three sections of ETA’s “Real-Time LMI Repository,” which provides links that take you directly to the sites where you can immediately access data

We have only included sources that provide data gratis. The inclusion of private-sector or .com Web sites is for informational purposes only. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) implies or confers no endorsement on a company or on a specific product or service. Readers and information users should exercise an appropriate level of care and should be aware that the private-sector products and/or services may be copyrighted.

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05/28/14 04:38PM

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425

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3

3. Studies, Publications, Tools, and Reports using Real-Time LMI

This is the third of three sections of ETA’s “Real-Time LMI Repository,” which includes major studies using these new sources.

This part of the repository contains three subsections. Because some studies have mined both data sources, these are included in the third subsection: 1)Real-Time Employment Sources; 2) Job Vacancy Surveys; and 3) Both Sources.

We have only included sources that provide studies gratis and directly (i.e., it is not necessary to submit a request to receive the study). The inclusion of private-sector or .com Web sites is for informational purposes only. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) implies or confers no endorsement on a company or on a specific product or service. Readers and information users should exercise an appropriate level of care and should be aware that the private-sector products and/or services may be copyrighted.

Posted On :

05/28/14 04:50PM

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360

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2. Background Sources: Job Vacancy Data

Background Sources: Job Vacancy Data

This is the first subsection of Background Sources of ETA’s “Real-Time Employment and Job Vacancy Data Repository”: this subsection focuses on job vacancy data.

It provides methodological and general background on the relative strengths and weaknesses of the only national job vacancy data source — the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), its historical development from previous BLS efforts to collect job vacancy data, and tips for using JOLTS.

The sources appear in reverse chronological order (i.e., the newest ones appear first).

Posted On :

05/29/14 10:00AM

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222

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1. Background Sources: Real-Time Employment Data

Background Sources: Real-Time Employment Data

This is the second subsection of Background Sources of ETA’s “Real-Time Employment and Job Vacancy Data Repository”: this subsection focuses on real-time data.

It provides methodological and general background on the relative strengths and weaknesses of real-time data; who provides it; state, local and other examples of how it has been used; and ideas for how it might be used.

The sources appear in reverse chronological order (i.e., the newest ones appear first).

Posted On :

05/29/14 01:42PM

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375

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3

3. Background Sources: Administrative Data on New Hires

This is the third subsection of Background Sources of ETA’s “Real-Time Employment and Job Vacancy Data Repository”: this subsection focuses on administrative data on new hires.

It provides methodological and general background on the relative strengths and weaknesses of administrative data, how it is collected, and how it has been used.

Posted On :

05/29/14 04:53PM

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213

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1. Studies Using Real-Time Employment Data

Studies Using Real-Time Employment Data

This is the first subsection of Studies Using Real-Time Employment and/or Job Vacancy Sources, which includes those studies which solely make use of real-time employment data.

Posted On :

05/30/14 07:37AM

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318

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2

2. Studies Using Job Vacancy Data

Studies Using Job Vacancy Data

This is the second subsection of Studies Using Real-Time Employment and/or Job Vacancy Sources, which includes those studies which solely make use of job vacancy data.

Posted On :

05/30/14 07:41AM

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340

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3. Studies Using Both Real-Time and Job Vacancy Data

Studies Using Both Real-Time and Job Vacancy Data

This is the third subsection of Studies Using Real-Time Employment and/or Job Vacancy Sources, which includes those studies which make use of both sources. For studies which solely rely on real-time employment data or job vacancy data, see the other two folders.

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05/30/14 08:53AM

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285

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3

Skills Gap Research and Resources as of August 15, 2012

This document is a list of skills gap research reports and other resources in chronological order. Each entry is a hyperlink to the report, Web page or other resource. PLEASE suggest additional research, tools, and resources by posting a comment in the field below or by sending documents to the LMI Win-Win Network at win-win.network@dol.gov

Posted On :

08/16/12 09:02AM

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1066

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598

Vendor Product Review: A Consumer's Guide to Real-time Labor Market Information

Vendor Product Review: A Consumer's Guide to Real-time Labor Market Information

This Jobs for the Future report is a follow-up study to Aligning Community Colleges to Their Local Labor Markets: The Emergence of Online Job Ads for Providing Real-Time Intelligence About Occupations and Skills in Demand, issued by Jobs for the Future in November 2011. Based on a survey and interviews with 6 of the largest real-time LMI data vendors, the study examines 1) the history and improvements that have been made in real-time data; 2) the specific products and data elements offered; 3) the sources of the data and the efforts made to ensure quality, accurately code occupational classifications and other variables, and eliminate duplicative job postings; and 4) the fees charged.

The proportion of job postings which are duplicative and must be eliminated ranges from 60 to 90 percent across vendors. One major challenge for this study and other analyses of real-time data vendors is that they regard most of their procedures as proprietary information which they are unwilling to reveal, which is a major impediment to judging both the comparative and overall quality of real-time data. The authors conclude that “real-time LMI is a complement to, not a replacement for, traditional labor market information,” and users should “maintain a healthy degree of skepticism” toward real-time data.

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Posted On :

05/29/14 02:09PM

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302

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168

Using Real-time Labor Market Information on a Nationwide Scale

Using Real-time Labor Market Information on a Nationwide Scale

This April 2013 review by Andrew Reamer of Jobs for the Future Examines the potential for broader use of real-time labor market data, including information from online job advertisements and other databases (including, e.g., resumes). The author conducted interviews with selected Federal agencies (including the Federal Reserve Board and the U.S. Labor Department’s Employment and Training Administration and Bureau of Labor Statistics) and private sector trade associations to ascertain these organization's views on the use of such real-time data for labor market research, occupational analyses, grants management, statistical modeling, and direct services.

Many but not all of the organizations believed that such data could be put to broader use, with both ETA and BLS singling out occupational data as one important objective. ETA also noted the potential use of real-time data for local labor markets, and by grant applicants for proposed projects.

The author noted that concerns about this data included duplicative job postings, insufficient coverage of some occupations, uncertainty about whether some postings represented actual job openings, and vague and incomplete information in some ads.

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Posted On :

05/29/14 03:05PM

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300

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183

National Directory of New Hires

National Directory of New Hires

This 2014 report provides an overview of the National Directory of New Hires, a database that contains personal and financial data on nearly every working American, as well as those receiving unemployment compensation. Contrary to its name, the National Directory of New Hires includes more than just information on new employees. It is a database that includes information on 1) all newly hired employees, compiled from state reports (and reports from federal employers); 2) the quarterly wage reports of existing employees (in Unemployment Compensation (UC)-covered employment); and 3) unemployment compensation claims. The National Directory of New Hires was originally established to help states locate noncustodial parents living in a different state so that child support payments could be withheld from that parent's paycheck. Since its enactment in 1996, the National Directory of New Hires has been extended to several additional programs and agencies to verify program eligibility, prevent or end fraud, collect overpayments, or assure that program benefits are correct. Although the directory is considered very effective, concerns about data security and the privacy rights of employees remain a part of debates regarding expanded access to the National Directory of New Hires.

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Posted On :

05/30/14 07:59AM

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237

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389

Real-Time Employment and Job Vacancy Data Repository Guide

Real-Time LMI Repository Guide

This document contains the entire repository in one place.

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Posted On :

05/30/14 08:34AM

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Views :

405

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Downloads :

639