Labor Market Information: Win-Win Network Community of Practice

Benefit Coverage Since 1979

Posted by LMI Win-Win Network - On July 22, 2013 (EST)

Benefit Coverage Since 1979


This table and 6 charts show how — amidst some fluctuations, stability, and isolated increases — a widespread pattern of decline in the coverage or participation rates for the most common types of benefits. In cases of declines, most of it occurred from the mid-1990s to about 2000.


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Holiday and vacation pay, once universal among larger establishments and paid for about 85 percent or more of employees working for small establishments, is now less common. Despite the addition of the MLK holiday, employees now on average have 2 fewer holidays than in the 1980s, although this has been partly counterbalanced by a rise in vacation leave of about 2 days for those who reach a year of service. Retirement plan and life insurance coverage have also fallen. Although the pattern is not as consistent, dental and vision care coverage is now less than the peaks reached in the 1980s.


Until FDR’s New Deal and especially the post-World War II period, employee benefits made up a tiny fraction of compensation packages for workers — less than 3 percent in the 1920s. Currently, benefits account for 30 and 35 percent of compensation costs for private sector and state and local government employees, respectively.


These data are from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Employee Benefit Surveys (which since 1999 has been collected through the National Compensation Survey).


Note: employer-based health insurance is not included here, because it is separately presented in Employer-Based Health Insurance for Workers.




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Modified On : July 22, 2013
Type : Document
Downloads : 243
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In Relation : Workforce Data Trends
File Size : 50.96KB
File Type : XLSX


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